A database system is at the center of information processing for most enterprises. It is the key piece for managing and storing information about a
company's business and is crucial to the operation of a company. Since that is the case, the ability to provide connections to that data is crucial to the usefulness of any serious application development tool. JDBC provides those connections for Java.
JDBC was developed to allow Java programmers to use a DBMS that is at the center of an enterprise.
The Java technologies are well-suited for developing enterprise solutions
JDBC is a programming interface for establishing connections to a DBMS and routing requests over that connection.
JDBC sits between an application and the data source. The JDBC architecture model
is represented in the Slide Show below.
The illustration portrays the separation and the interaction between the application(s), JDBC, and the data source(s).
The business value of the JDBC architecture is that the Java Virtual Machine allows your applications to access any data source and be executed on any platform.
The Java programming language, being object-oriented, places the focus on the object (what) that is being dealt with, rather than the process (how).
Because Java has many powerful capabilities of its own, the combination of database connectivity with the features of Java is a major reason for choosing this set of tools. This will be discussed further in a later lesson.
JDBC should be used when a Java application needs to have access to the database management systems in an organization.
It is not designed to read or write files directly on a system. It is also not designed to manage network communications with remote systems. It may use those facilities indirectly, which will be discussed in detail later in this course.
In the next lesson, we will have a quick overview of database systems.