|Lesson 7||ASP built-in Functions|
|Objective||Use built-in and user-defined functions for data manipulation.|
ASP built-in Functions
You will often need to manipulate the values of variables.
VBScript provides a number of functions for this purpose, including a Replace function
every occurrence of a substring
(word or phrase) in another string with a replacement string.
The Trim functions
remove leading spaces (
), trailing spaces (
) or both (
) from a string.
Be aware that different functions work with different types of data.
Date and Time Functions
Two of the most useful Date and Time functions are:
Date function returns the current date. The date returned is the date on the server. This value can be stored to a variable and manipulated.
function adds dates together. It can also be used to increment or decrement a date by an amount in any time or date unit
Here is the
function used to add 30 days to the current date:
<% 'BEGIN ASP SCRIPT
Dim dCurrDate, dNextMonth
'Initialize a couple of date variables
dCurrDate = Date()
'dCurrDate is now equal to today's date
dNextMonth = DateAdd("d", 30, dCurrDate)
'Add 30 days to dCurrDate
<!–END ASP SCRIPT ––>
The new value is <%=dNextMonth%>.
This MouseOver will give you a line-by-line explanation of how we are using the
DateAdd function and what values we need to set in its parameters to add 30 days to the current date.
Date Add Function Example
Several functions that format a number are available to you.
FormatCurrency returns the number with a leading currency symbol.
FormatPercent returns the number with a following % symbol and multiplies the value by 100 to create a percentage.
FormatNumber returns the number itself with no leading or following characters.
The function to format a number as currency has this syntax:
The other numeric functions follow an identical syntax.
You can format the same numeric value
in different ways and define some additional information on the functions' parameters.
The ASP statements and functions in these lessons are just a part of what is available for your Web applications' use through VBScript.
User-defined subprocedures and functions
let you reuse code you have already written.
With these "mini-programs", you can create generic code that can be easily adapted from use in one Web site to another.
A portion of a character string (e.g., "shirt" is a substring of "t-shirt").